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2012 - 2015 : the ARChE_Net project, Adapting Ruminant Systems to Environmental Change 

Three main issues initiated the project : 

The increase and volatility of agricultural input prices. Price indices on world markets provided by the World Bank show a regular increase in the price of raw materials as well as fast variations at certain periods. It impacts production systems, which tend to become more vulnerable.

More extreme and recurrent climatic events. Droughts or increased rainfall have direct impact on animals and ecosystems. 

Food challenge. By 2050, the world population is estimated at more than 9.6 billion people. The evolution of incomes and food consumption patterns in developing countries implies a significant growth in animal production.

The capacity of farms to maintain, develop and optimise the production of biomass for animal use (fodder, co-products), the integration of agriculture and livestock farming and the capacity to develop local resources have emerged as key points for the future development of livestock farming.

ARChE_Net has worked on the development and sharing of tools (NIRS, NDVI, LASER, System Expert, BDD) to characterize quantitatively and qualitatively the available resources (soil, biomass, animals) and to propose options for improving fodder biomass production in the different partner countries.

 

2015 - 2020 : the ECLIPSE project, Emerging Crop LIvestock Production System adapted to a changing Environment

The ECLIPSE project is a continuation of the ARChE_Net project in the Indian Ocean with 6 partner countries: Australia, France (Réunion Island), India, Madagascar, Mozambique and the Union of Comoros.

What are the objectives for ECLIPSE?

Contribute to food security of population by improving the management of ruminant farms. To achieve this, it is necessary to define, implement and evaluate adaptation strategies for ruminant farming systems by providing and using innovative steering tools and implementing research and experimentation in order to identify the most efficient herd management methods and technical routes.

Improve the tools for characterizing the resources available for ruminant breeding, to integrate them into more global adaptation strategies at farm or territorial level.

Bring out new adaptation strategies that are not or only slightly related to feeding strategies and to assess their relevance to meet the expectations of the various stakeholders (farmers, decision-makers, societies, etc.), according to multi-criteria (social, economic and environmental) indicators.